How to get rid of acne scars ?

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Acne is an unpleasant condition and when the actual acne has been treated in many instances it can leave behind what are called acne scars. These acne scars can remain at times for a long time. In this article we will discuss ways to help treat and smoothen your skin when acne scars appear. We will also provide useful information about different types of acne scars and other skin conditions that are associated with acne scars and how to treat them.

Acne Scars, what are they really?

In order to be able to properly treat our acne scars it is helpful to initially find out more about what they really are. Acne scars actually refer to a wider general types of textured marks that acne leaves behind. Not all acne scars are the same and they come in different forms.  The different forms of acne scars include rolling, ice-pick and boxcar scars. In addition, those with darker skins are prone to a unique type of acne scars called Keloid Scarring. If you have Keloid Scarring, it is advisable to visit a dermatologist that can help to treat it properly.

Conditions that come with acne scars

Acne scars at times appear simultaneously with other skin condition such as hyperpigmentation and erythema. After acne and breakouts all these 3 conditions being acne scars, hyperpigmentation and erythema can appear. You must note that these 3 conditions are very different form one another and each one requires specific treatments.

In general scarring can be classified as a textural issue while the other conditions that come with acne scars being hyperpigmentation and erythema are essentially issues linked to the tone of your skin.

The root cause of acne scars has to do with excessive production of collagen that accompany the wound while the damaged skin is healing. Hyperpigmentation which is a post-inflammatory condition is the results of trauma suffered by the skin much like sun damaged skin. Since it does not specifically damage the follicle, it is not considered scarring. It has also been observed that those with darker skin are more likely to suffer form hyperpigmentation due to their skin having a higher amount of melanin.

The third condition which is called erythema or post-acne erythema is a condition that causes the appearance of red or pink discolouration on the skin after the actual acne has healed. Inflamed and broken blood vessels are the root cause of erythema that happens when you have acne of breakouts.

Using peels to treat acne scars

Peels are a very effective treatment for acne scars that are not severe. Those peels that have a low-pH acid are ideal for less visible acne scars. Peels are very effective for less visible acne scars since they can renew the skin surface and lessen the depth and severity of acne scars. Peels that offer a tender chemical exfoliation are ideal for treating less sever acne scars.

Ways to treat post-acne hyperpigmentation

We have written in previous articles about the benefits of vitamin C for the skin and again when dealing with post-acne hyperpigmentation it’s use can be beneficial. Vitamin C can help by revitalising and lightening up the skin. It can further help break up the pigmentation you are suffering from and also prevent the appearance of dark spots from appearing in the future.

Another great treatment for post-acne hyperpigmentation is using chemicals peels that have Alpha-Hydroxy-Acids.  They can help your skin to quickly exfoliate and to assist discolouration to disappear. They work by breaking down the glue-like substances that hold dead skin cells tightly together which causes the freshly brighten skin from beneath to come forward.

How to get rid of erythema

Treating post-acne erythema can be more complicated than treating hyperpigmentation that can appear post-acne. The complexity of treating post-acne erythema has to do with inflammation that this condition produces. The key when it comes to treating erythema is to maintain the skin calm. Ingredients such as Vitamin C and Tranexamic Acids can be used to decrease the inflammation and help to calm the skin. When it comes to using Vitamin C make sure you use the right formulation since some formulation can cause excessive oil production and further breakouts.

Using light and laser treatments

Post-acne erythema can also be treated by light and laser treatments, but it is essential to have completely treated the acne before using light and laser treatments. Most dermatologist usually try to treat their patient’s acne by a mixture of prescription and non-prescription products before using light or laser treatments to treat post-acne erythema. It is recommended to begin using light and laser treatments after the skin has been free from breakouts for 6 weeks.

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