How to get rid of acne scars on face

If having to deal with acne itself was not frustrating enough once acne has been treated many have to deal with acne scars remaining on their face. Those who have acne scars also wonder if the acne scars will go away which is based on the type of pf acne scars.

Although having to deal with acne scars is not pleasant there is some good news since they can be treated. But before you start dealing with acne scars make sure you have effectively treated the acne itself. We have also recently written an article about causes of acne that sheds light into many root causes of acne.

What are acne scars

Before getting deeper into the different types of acne scars is best to become familiar with acne scars briefly. Acne scars are results of acne and breakouts that have deeply penetrated your skin. Due to this deep penetration of the skin by the acne the tissues beneath the surface of the skin have been damaged.

 

Acne scars come in different types, and it is important to know the type of scar in order to treat it effectively. The nature and type of scar you have may require a particular treatment. In addition to the type of acne scar the tone and colour of the skin play a role when it comes to treating acne scars. For example, if your skin tone is darker certain treatments such as laser treatment will not be recommended. This is due to the fact that laser treatment may cause further scarring and pigmentation for those with darker skin tones. If your skin has been damaged by laser you need to repair the laser damaged skin.

Now that we have become more familiar with acne scars is time to discuss the different types of scars and the best treatment for them.

Atrophic acne scars

Atrophic or depressed scars usually appear on the face. The position where atrophic scars are situated are below the surrounding skin. These scars are formed due to lack of collagen while wound is healing. We can break the atrophic scars further into 3 different subcategories.

Boxcar

Boxcar scars can be either shallow or deep. Their appearance usually is wide. They are U-shaped scars with wide edges. If they are shallow the better, they will respond to resurfacing treatments. You can use gentle peels to treat these scars also.

Be very careful if you decide to treat boxcar scars with laser. Laser can cause further scarring and changes in pigmentation especially in darker skin tones. For those with darker skin tones laser can cause post-inflammatory pigmentation.

Ice Pick

You also have ice pick scars which differentiate from boxcar scars in shape. They are V-shaped and narrow and penetrate deep into the skin. They are one of the most difficult scars to treat due to their deep penetration under the surface of the skin.

Rolling

The last type of atrophic acne scars is rolling scars. Their name stems from their appearance which is with round edges since they have a rolling appearance. The rolling acne scars also have rounded edges which is why they are referred to as rolling acne scars.

Hypertrophic acne scars

We have already discussed atrophic acne scars and now it’s time to talk about the other general type of acne scars being hypertrophic acne scars. Unlike atrophic acne scars which appear generally on the face hypertrophic acne scars appear on the chest and back. Their cause is due to the production of too much collagen during healing. They tend to be positioned above the surrounding skin.

Different types of treatment for acne scars

There are numerous treatments when it comes to acne scars, There are the less evasive ones such home skin care and soft tissue fillers. There are also more evasive ones such as laser resurfacing, dermabrasion and chemical peels.

Home Skincare

A  methods that can be used for home skin care for acne scars  is the use of sunscreen. We have written extensively in previous blogs about the benefits of sunscreen when it comes to skincare. When it comes to acne scars applying sunscreen can reduce the contrast between the scared and the unscarred skin. In addition, specific creams and masks can also be used to treat acne scars. In particular those creams that contain azelaic acid or hydroxyl acids have shown to be effective when it comes to treating acne scars.

Soft tissue fillers

Another treatment that can be used to treat acne scars is the use of soft tissue fillers. These fillers allow you to inject collagen under the skin. Other substances such as fat can also be used to be injected under the skin. The aim here is by injecting collagen or fat under the skin you can make the skin fuller over the hollowed scars. This will make the scars less noticeable, but the effects are not permanent. This treatment needs to be repeated over a period to be fully effective. If you are concerned about change of skin colour this treatment is ideal for you since this methods involves very little risk of changing the skin colour.

Laser resurfacing

Now that we have discussed the less evasive treatment lets discuss the more evasive ones. One of the treatments for acne scars is laser surfacing. This treatment has become increasingly popular lately. In particular it has become popular for those who had treated their acne scars with dermabrasion. For those with darker skin tones this technique is not recommendable since it can further damage the skin.

Dermabrasion

Dermabrasion is another technique that can be used to treat acne scars. This method is more popular and used more often for scars that are severe. This technique consists of the doctor removing the top layer of the skin with a rotating brush. This technique has shown to be able to completely remove surface scars in some cases. It is also effective when it comes to acne scars that are deeper since it can make them much less visible. Similar to some other evasive methods this technique has some risks. Those risks include further scarring and changes in skin tone and colour.

Chemical Peels

Another treatment solution for acne scars is chemical peels. This treatment is performed by the doctor who applies a chemical solution to the scars, The objective is to minimize the appearance of scars by removing the top layer of the skin. Chemical peels can be performed in several different methods. There are the mild and medium peels that can be performed several times to maintain the results.  And there are also the deep peels that can be performed only once. Again, as with other evasive treatments there are risks involved when it comes to chemical peels. There are risks of change of skin colour in particular with deep peels for those who have a darker skin tone.

Consult with a dermatologist about acne scars

It is best that you consult with a certified dermatologist before you start any acne scar treatment. A certified dermatologist can advise the best treatment for the acne scars based on the type of scars and your skin type. In some cased what you may think are acne scars are not acne scars and are something else. A dermatologist can identify what the exact problem is and direct you towards the best solutions.

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