How does skin repair itself when the epidermis is damaged?
Taking care of your skin is very important since as we have mentioned in previous articles it is your largest organ. When your skin is damaged it goes through a process which produces collagen to repair itself.
To properly understand how your skin repairs itself and repairing damaged skin we must look closer at the composition of the skin. The skin is composed of two main layers:
- The Epidermis
- The Dermis
The Epidermis is the outer layer of the skin which is for protection and the dermis is the layer below the epidermis which is where blood vessels and nerves are located. As we mentioned earlier collagens are produced to repair the skin and this process happens when your dermis is injured. So, when your skin is injured collagens are produced which triggers the process of skin repair.
Now let’s dig a bit deeper into the causes that are frequently associated with skin damage. Causes associated with damaged skin can range from acne scars, childbirth to accidents.
One of the main purposes of the skin is for protection and it acts as a protective barrier. Without the protection the skin provides to our bodies our bodies would be more of a risk to many problems such as sun damages, pollution and chemicals.
When your skin is damaged a remarkable process is triggered and its job is to restore tissue mechanisms such as wound healing. A scar is formed when an injury damages one if the layers of the skin we talked about earlier being the (epidermis or dermis). Minor wounds usually only damage the epidermis while deeper wounds will affect the bottom layer being the dermis.
In occasions when your body is unable to defend itself from wounds it can renew its own cells and even heal itself. When you have a minor wound your epidermis is partly damaged.
New cells replace the destroyed cells from the innermost layers of the epidermis.
But when the wound is deeper the healing process is a bit more complex since the damage is more serious. After the epidermis repairs itself, you may be left with scars since the skin does not recover its natural appearance and it may take longer for skin to repair itself.
So, the healing of wound is usually associated with the depth of the wound. In minor wound the epidermis being the top layer of the skin which is very thin is damaged and in deeper wounds the dermis which is the layer below the epidermis is damaged.
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